June 2016 Physics Regents (2024)

1. Which quantity is a vector?

(1) power
(2) kinetic energy
(3) speed
(4) weight

2. A June 2016 Physics Regents (1)-kilogram astronaut weighs June 2016 Physics Regents (2) newtons at the surface of Earth. What is the mass of the astronaut at the surface of the Moon, where the acceleration due to gravity is June 2016 Physics Regents (3) meters per second squared?

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (4) kg
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (5) kg
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (6) N
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (7) N

3. When the sum of all forces acting on a block on an inclined plane is zero, the block

(1) must be at rest
(2) must be accelerating
(3) may be slowing down
(4) may be moving at constant speed

4. The greatest increase in the inertia of an object would be produced by increasing the

(1) mass of the object from June 2016 Physics Regents (8) kg to June 2016 Physics Regents (9) kg
(2) net force applied to the object from June 2016 Physics Regents (10) N to June 2016 Physics Regents (11) N
(3) time that a net force is applied to the object from June 2016 Physics Regents (12) s to June 2016 Physics Regents (13) s
(4) speed of the object from June 2016 Physics Regents (14) m/s to June 2016 Physics Regents (15) m/s

5. A June 2016 Physics Regents (16)-kilogram cart accelerates at June 2016 Physics Regents (17) meter per second squared west as a horse exerts a force of June 2016 Physics Regents (18) newtons west on the cart. What is the magnitude of the force that the cart exerts on the horse?

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (19) N
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (20) N
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (21) N
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (22) N

6. Sound waves are described as

(1) mechanical and transverse
(2) mechanical and longitudinal
(3) electromagnetic and transverse
(4) electromagnetic and longitudinal

7. An electrical force of June 2016 Physics Regents (23) newton exists between two point charges, June 2016 Physics Regents (24) and June 2016 Physics Regents (25). If the distance between the charges is doubled, the new electrical force between the charges will be

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (26) N
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (27) N
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (28) N
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (29) N

8. A blue lab cart is traveling west on a track when it collides with and sticks to a red lab cart traveling east. The magnitude of the momentum of the blue cart before the collision is June 2016 Physics Regents (30) kilogram.meters per second, and the magnitude of the momentum of the red cart before the collision is June 2016 Physics Regents (31) kilogram.meters per second. The magnitude of the total momentum of the two carts after the collision is

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (32) kgJune 2016 Physics Regents (33)m/s
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (34) kgJune 2016 Physics Regents (35)m/s
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (36) kgJune 2016 Physics Regents (37)m/s
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (38) kgJune 2016 Physics Regents (39)m/s

9. The diagram below represents the path of a thrown ball through the air.

June 2016 Physics Regents (40)

Which arrow best represents the direction in which friction acts on the ball at point June 2016 Physics Regents (41)?

(1)June 2016 Physics Regents (42)
(2)June 2016 Physics Regents (43)
(3)June 2016 Physics Regents (44)
(4)June 2016 Physics Regents (45)

10. A magnitude field would be produced by a beam of

(1) x rays
(2) gamma rays
(3) protons
(4) neutrons

11. The diagram below represents the electric field in the region of two small charged spheres, June 2016 Physics Regents (46) and June 2016 Physics Regents (47).

June 2016 Physics Regents (48)

What is the sign of the net charge on June 2016 Physics Regents (49) and June 2016 Physics Regents (50)?

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (51) is positive and June 2016 Physics Regents (52) is positive.
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (53) is positive and June 2016 Physics Regents (54) is negative.
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (55) is negative and June 2016 Physics Regents (56) is negative.
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (57) is negative and June 2016 Physics Regents (58) is positive.

12. A horizontal force of June 2016 Physics Regents (59) newtons eastward causes a June 2016 Physics Regents (60)-kilogram box to have a displacement of June 2016 Physics Regents (61) meters eastward. The total work done on the box by the June 2016 Physics Regents (62)-newton force is

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (63) J
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (64) J
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (65) J
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (66) J

13. A block initially at rest on a horizontal, frictionless surface is accelerated by a constant horizontal force of June 2016 Physics Regents (67) newtons. If June 2016 Physics Regents (68) joules of work is done on the block by this force while accelerating it, the kinetic energy of the block increases by

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (69) J
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (70) J
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (71) J
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (72) J

14. Two objects, June 2016 Physics Regents (73) and June 2016 Physics Regents (74), are held one meter above the horizontal ground. The mass of June 2016 Physics Regents (75) is twice as great as the mass of June 2016 Physics Regents (76). If June 2016 Physics Regents (77) is the gravitational potential energy of June 2016 Physics Regents (78) relative to the ground, then the gravitational potential energy of June 2016 Physics Regents (79) relative to the ground is

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (80)
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (81)
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (82)
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (83)

15. What is the kinetic energy of a June 2016 Physics Regents (84)-kilogram skier traveling at June 2016 Physics Regents (85) meters per second?

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (86) J
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (87) J
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (88) J
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (89) J

16. A June 2016 Physics Regents (90)-hertz electromagnetic wave is traveling through a transparent medium. The main factor that determines the speed of this wave is the

(1) nature of the medium
(2) amplitude of the wave
(3) phase of the wave
(4) distance traveled through the medium

17. A motor does a total of June 2016 Physics Regents (91) joules of work in June 2016 Physics Regents (92) seconds to lift a June 2016 Physics Regents (93)-kilogram block to the top of a ramp. The average power developed by the motor is

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (94) W
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (95) W
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (96) W
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (97) W

18. A June 2016 Physics Regents (98)-watt elevator motor can lift a total weight of June 2016 Physics Regents (99) newtons with a maximum constant speed of

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (100) m/s
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (101) m/s
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (102) m/s
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (103) m/s

19. A stationary police officer directs radio waves emitted by a radar gun at a vehicle moving toward the officer. Compared to the emitted radio waves, the radio waves reflected from the vehicle and received by the radar gun have a

(1) longer wavelength
(2) higher speed
(3) longer period
(4) higher frequency

20. A light wave strikes the Moon and reflects toward Earth. As the light wave travels from the Moon toward Earth, the wave carries

(1) energy, only
(2) matter, only
(3) both energy and matter
(4) neither energy nor matter

21. The time required to produce one cycle of a wave is known as the wave’s

(1) amplitude
(2) frequency
(3) period
(4) wavelength

22. A magnetic compass is placed near an insulated copper wire. When the wire is connected to a battery and a current is created, the compass needle moves and changes its position. Which is the best explanation for the production of a force that causes the needle to move?

(1) The copper wire magnetizes the compass needle and exerts the force on the compass needle.
(2) The compass needle magnetizes the copper wire and exerts the force on the compass needle.
(3) The insulation on the wire becomes charged, which exerts the force on the compass needle.
(4) The current in the wire produces a magnetic field that exerts the force on the compass needle.

23. A beam of monochromatic light (June 2016 Physics Regents (104)Hz) has a wavelength of June 2016 Physics Regents (105) nanometers in air. What is the wavelength of this light in Lucite?

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (106) nm
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (107) nm
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (108) nm
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (109) nm

24. If the amplitude of a sound wave is increased, there is an increase in the sound’s

(1) loudness
(2) pitch
(3) velocity
(4) wavelength

25. In the diagram below, point June 2016 Physics Regents (110) is located in the electric field between two oppositely charged parallel plates.

June 2016 Physics Regents (111)

Compared to the magnitude and direction of the electrostatic force on an electron placed at point June 2016 Physics Regents (112), the electrostatic force on a proton placed at point June 2016 Physics Regents (113) has

(1) the same magnitude and the same direction
(2) the same magnitude, but the opposite direction
(3) a greater magnitude, but the same direction
(4) a greater magnitude and the opposite direction

26. The effect produced when two or more sound waves pass through the same point simultaneously is called

(1) interference
(2) diffraction
(3) refraction
(4) resonance

27. A gamma-ray photon and a microwave photon are traveling in a vacuum. Compared to the wavelength and energy of the gamma ray photon, the microwave photon has a

(1) shorter wavelength and less energy
(2) shorter wavelength and more energy
(3) longer wavelength and less energy
(4) longer wavelength and more energy

28. According to the Standard Model of Particle Physics, a neutrino is a type of

(1) lepton
(2) photon
(3) meson
(4) baryon

29. Which combination of quarks produces a neutral baryon?

(1) cts
(2) dsb
(3) uds
(4) uct

30. When June 2016 Physics Regents (114) kilogram of matter is converted into energy, how much energy is released?

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (115) J
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (116) J
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (117) J
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (118) J

31. A ball is hit straight up with an initial speed of June 2016 Physics Regents (119) meters per second. What is the speed of the ball June 2016 Physics Regents (120) seconds after it is hit? [Neglect friction.]

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (121) m/s
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (122) m/s
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (123) m/s
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (124) m/s

32. A particle with a charge of June 2016 Physics Regents (125) elementary charges moves through a potential difference of June 2016 Physics Regents (126) volts. What is the change in electrical potential energy of the particle?

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (127) eV
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (128) eV
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (129) eV
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (130) eV

33. Which circuit has the largest equivalent resistance?

(1)June 2016 Physics Regents (131)
(2)June 2016 Physics Regents (132)
(3)June 2016 Physics Regents (133)
(4)June 2016 Physics Regents (134)

34. A transverse wave is moving toward the right in a uniform medium. Point June 2016 Physics Regents (135) represents a particle of the uniform medium. Which diagram represents the direction of the motion of particle June 2016 Physics Regents (136) at the instant shown?

(1)June 2016 Physics Regents (137)
(2)June 2016 Physics Regents (138)
(3)June 2016 Physics Regents (139)
(4)June 2016 Physics Regents (140)

35. Which diagram represents magnetic field lines between two north magnetic poles?

(1)June 2016 Physics Regents (141)
(2)June 2016 Physics Regents (142)
(3)June 2016 Physics Regents (143)
(4)June 2016 Physics Regents (144)

36. Which measurement is closest to June 2016 Physics Regents (145) meter?

(1) diameter of an atom
(2) width of a student’s finger
(3) length of a football field
(4) height of a schoolteacher

37. Which graph represents the relationship between the speed of a freely falling object and the time of fall of the object near Earth’s surface?

(1)June 2016 Physics Regents (146)
(2)June 2016 Physics Regents (147)
(3)June 2016 Physics Regents (148)
(4)June 2016 Physics Regents (149)

38. A hairdryer with a resistance of June 2016 Physics Regents (150) ohms operates at June 2016 Physics Regents (151) volts for June 2016 Physics Regents (152) minutes. The total electrical energy used by the dryer during this time interval is

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (153) J
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (154) J
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (155) J
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (156) J

39. A box weighing June 2016 Physics Regents (157) newtons rests on an incline that makes an angle of June 2016 Physics Regents (158) with the horizontal. What is the magnitude of the component of the box’s weight perpendicular to the incline?

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (159) N
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (160) N
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (161) N
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (162) N

40. Which graph represents the motion of an object traveling with a positive velocity and a negative acceleration?

(1)June 2016 Physics Regents (163)
(2)June 2016 Physics Regents (164)
(3)June 2016 Physics Regents (165)
(4)June 2016 Physics Regents (166)

41. Car June 2016 Physics Regents (167), moving in a straight line at a constant speed of June 2016 Physics Regents (168) meters per second, is initially June 2016 Physics Regents (169) meters behind car June 2016 Physics Regents (170), moving in the same straight line at a constant speed of June 2016 Physics Regents (171) meters per second. How far must car June 2016 Physics Regents (172) travel from this initial position before it catches up with car June 2016 Physics Regents (173)?

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (174) m
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (175) m
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (176) m
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (177) m

42. A June 2016 Physics Regents (178)-ohm resistor in an electric circuit draws a current of June 2016 Physics Regents (179) milliamperes. The total charge that passes through the resistor in June 2016 Physics Regents (180) seconds is

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (181) C
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (182) C
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (183) C
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (184) C

43. A June 2016 Physics Regents (185)-kilogram car traveling June 2016 Physics Regents (186) meters per second east experiences an impulse of June 2016 Physics Regents (187) newton.seconds west. What is the final velocity of the car after the impulse has been applied?

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (188) m/s east
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (189) m/s east
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (190) m/s west
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (191) m/s west

44. Which graph represents the relationship between the potential difference applied to a copper wire and the resulting current in the wire at constant temperature?

(1)June 2016 Physics Regents (192)
(2)June 2016 Physics Regents (193)
(3)June 2016 Physics Regents (194)
(4)June 2016 Physics Regents (195)

45. A tungsten wire has resistance June 2016 Physics Regents (196) at June 2016 Physics Regents (197) C. A second tungsten wire at June 2016 Physics Regents (198) C has twice the length and half the cross-sectional area of the first wire. In terms of June 2016 Physics Regents (199), the resistance of the second wire is

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (200)
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (201)
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (202)
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (203)

46. After an incandescent lamp is turned on, the temperature of its filament rapidly increases from room temperature to its operating temperature. As the temperature of the filament increases, what happens to the resistance of the filament and the current through the filament?

(1) The resistance increases and the current decreases.
(2) The resistance increases and the current increases.
(3) The resistance decreases and the current decreases.
(4) The resistance decreases and the current increases.

47. Parallel wavefronts are incident on an opening in a barrier. Which diagram shows the configuration of wavefronts and barrier opening that will result in the greatest diffraction of the waves passing through the opening? [Assume all diagrams are drawn to the same scale.]

(1)June 2016 Physics Regents (204)
(2)June 2016 Physics Regents (205)
(3)June 2016 Physics Regents (206)
(4)June 2016 Physics Regents (207)

48. A singer demonstrated that she could shatter a crystal glass by singing a note with a wavelength of June 2016 Physics Regents (208) meter in air at STP. What was the natural frequency of the glass?

(1) June 2016 Physics Regents (209) Hz
(2) June 2016 Physics Regents (210) Hz
(3) June 2016 Physics Regents (211) Hz
(4) June 2016 Physics Regents (212) Hz

49. The diagram below represents a standing wave in a string.

June 2016 Physics Regents (213)

Maximum constructive interference occurs at the

(1) antinodes June 2016 Physics Regents (214), and June 2016 Physics Regents (215)
(2) nodes June 2016 Physics Regents (216), and June 2016 Physics Regents (217)
(3) antinodes June 2016 Physics Regents (218) and June 2016 Physics Regents (219)
(4) nodes June 2016 Physics Regents (220) and June 2016 Physics Regents (221)

50. Which circuit diagram represents voltmeter June 2016 Physics Regents (222) connected correctly to measure the potential difference across resistor June 2016 Physics Regents (223)?

(1)June 2016 Physics Regents (224)
(2)June 2016 Physics Regents (225)
(3)June 2016 Physics Regents (226)
(4)June 2016 Physics Regents (227)

June 2016 Physics Regents (2024)

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